125 Maiden Lane New York, New York

May 25, 2009 – January 15, 2010

Rakuko Naito often has been identified with movements such as Op Art and Minimal Art, yet she has never felt defined by either of these categories. While Naito considers herself a painter, Permutation – Variant – Structure is comprised of a series of paintings that are not wall-bound, and whose physical qualities explore the language of painting without the use of paint. She uses paper from a painter’s perspective, but rejects its traditional form for a manipulated one to create the tools of her palette. Naito intensely addresses the visual fundamentals of line, color, light, form and texture. The paper permits her the repeated use of precisely the same color without the slightest change in tone or surface quality. Naito thoroughly re-evaluates the whole or a part within a given structure, and within the confines of a consistent enclosure she tests the materiality of the medium and its conceptual possibilities.


Permutation – Variant – Structure is curated by Elisabeth Akkerman and is sponsored by the Time Equities Inc. (TEI) Art-in-Buildings Program. TEI is committed to enriching the experience of our properties through the Art-in-Buildings Program, an innovative approach that brings contemporary art by emerging and mid-career artists to non-traditional exhibition spaces in the interest of promoting artists, expanding the audience for art, and creating a more interesting environment for our building occupants, residents, and their guests.